Common OB Questions
The following questions deal with topics that are common to many women’s experiences throughout their pregnancies. This information can be used as a resource to guide you through the more common health concerns that may arise. The physicians and nurses at Newon-Wellesley OB/GYN are always available to answer any questions that you may have above and beyond what is presented in this format.
Any questions you may have can be phoned in to our office during our regular hours, 9:00am – 5:00pm. One of our nurses will be available to answer your questions as expediently as possible.
After office hours, one of our experienced obstetrical nurses is on call till 10:00pm. You can reach her, for emergencies, by calling our office number and she will return your call promptly. Our nurse will be able to answer your questions, offer assistance, and if necessary, notify one of our physicians. From 10:00pm, our physicians are on call for labor and emergency related occurrences.
Q. What is considered “normal” in regard to morning sickness?
A. Different women have different experiences with nausea and vomiting; even from one pregnancy to another. Some basic rules to keep in mind:
- even though you may not feel like eating, especially with nausea, it is crucial to keep your caloric and fluid intake up during the first trimester
- try eating small amounts of food on a more frequent basis
- avoid solid foods if nausea and vomiting persist; maintain high fluid intake (fruit juices, carbonated beverages, water, non-dairy) to guard against dehydration from vomiting
- avoid vitamins until nausea has passed
- if you are unable to tolerate fluids for more than 24 hours or if you are experiencing a high fever (greater than 101) and/or severe abdominal pains with the nausea and vomiting, contact your doctor
Q. What can be done about an increase in the feeling of indigestion and how should I treat bouts with diarrhea?
A. Indigestion is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Try to stay away from rich (sauces/sugar), spicy, or greasy foods; cut down on coffee, carbonated beverages, alcohol, and general overeating. Sleeping with your head somewhat elevated (extra pillows) will help as well. You may use an antacid if you are in discomfort; make sure it is low sodium or sodium free.
As for diarrhea, decrease your intake of foods that are high in roughage (whole grain products, salads, etc.). Increase the amount of rice and bananas in your diet. Stop milk products and vitamins until the diarrhea has subsided for a few days. You may use over the counter remedies such as Kaopectate. If you are unable to maintain fluid intake because of associated vomiting or if you experience a temperature greater than 101 and/or severe abdominal pain, contact your doctor.
Q. What about constipation?
A. Add more roughage to your diet (bran cereals, fresh fruits, whole grain breads/crackers, raw vegetables, etc.). Drink 8 glasses of water daily. If these measures are not successful, Metamucil and stool softeners (Colace = 2 pills/day) can be used. If your discomfort lasts, contact your physician.
Q. How can hemorrhoids be more effectively treated?
A. Try to avoid being constipated or having diarrhea (see above). Over the counter products such as Preparation H and Annusol creams can relieve discomfort.
Q. What can I do to manage a cold or flu during pregnancy?
A. For both cold and flu symptoms, keep your fluid intake high and get extra rest. Do not take aspirin products or ibuprofen.
For Colds: Tylenol, Sudafed, Cepacol, Robitussin DM can be used for symptomatic relief. Use a vaporizer for heated moisturized air. If you have a persistent sore throat, a throat culture may be necessary. If you develop a temperature of greater than 101, consult your doctor.
For Flu: Take Tylenol as directed for elevated temperatures. If your temperature persists at greater than 101 or if you cannot keep fluids down for more than 24 hours, contact your doctor.
Q. What will happen if I come in contact with a contagious disease like measles, mumps, or chicken pox?
A. If you’ve already had these diseases in the past, you are in no danger of contracting them again. If you’ve been exposed in the past but have no history of symptoms, avoid further exposure until you’ve spoken with your physician.
Q. What is Fifth’s disease and should I be worried during pregnancy?
A. Fifth’s disease is a viral rash most common in school age children. Pregnant women are susceptible to the disease and it could cause fetal complications, in some cases, if contracted. If you work in a school or community setting with children you should have a blood test to determine your system’s immunity to the strain. If there is an outbreak in your work setting, there is a 21 day incubation period from the last reported case; consult with your doctor.
Q. How will a history of herpes affect my pregnancy?
A. If you have a history of herpes you should inform your doctor at your first prenatal visit. If you develop an active herpes outbreak near the end of your pregnancy, it may be necessary to deliver by cesarean section to reduce the risk of fetal exposure. If your water “breaks?during an active outbreak, immediately call your doctor.
Q. Are tetanus shots safe during pregnancy?
A. If you are cut and risking infection (as in from rusty nail) a tetanus shot is safe to prevent any infection that may prove harmful to both mother’s and baby’s health.
Q. What kinds of exercises are safe to continue during pregnancy?
A. Let your doctor know during your first visit how active you are and what sports in which you currently participate. Your doctor will comment on your particular situation. Do Not newly start an exercise routine at this time without your doctor’s ok. Here are some basic guidelines:
- Cardiovascular exercise, in moderation, is encouraged during pregnancy; don’t exercise above your limit
- After the first trimester avoid exercising in the supine position (i.e. situps)
- Low-impact activity (i.e. swimming [no diving], walking, low-impact aerobics, stationary bikes, treadmill, stairmaster) may be most comfortable during pregnancy
- Don’t exercise in hot, humid weather
- Replenish your liquids generously during exercise
- Any sport/exercise that may cause physical trauma is off-limits! (i.e. skiing, intense biking/cycling, mountain climbing, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc.)
- Contact sports should be avoided (i.e. ice hockey, soccer, basketball)